Professor Dr. Anton Caragea The President of European Council on Tourism and Trade-ECTT (left) and President of Romania H.E. Professor Dr. Emil Constantinescu on the venue of ECTT Executive Board meeting.
Ethiopia is an example of development activities, investment protection and facilitation, economic growth and wealth spreading to the nation and this is the creation of your life long experience and devotion to your people.
The world community statement of confidence in the bright future of Ethiopia nation and practical measures put in place, made your country succeeding in the WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM competition in recognition of your nation incredible wealth of traditions, natural treasures, history prowess and contribution to humanity legacy.
The world recognizes that Trade, Travel and Tourism are part of the international life and each and every one of our citizens became a world ambassador and a central actor on world stage.
EUROPEAN TOURISM ACADEMY EVENTS PROGRAMME FOR ADDIS ABABA
Nations that wish to attain their full potential and reach the picks of development, international recognition, economic growth and prosperous life for their citizens can’t remove themselves from the international tourism and trade arena.
Trade and Tourism are the key pillars for countries and billions of people, worldwide, in their efforts to achieve fully their live potential.
European Council on Tourism and Trade had become, and strides to remain, the driving force in the international promotion of culture, and patrimony and encapsulate tourism as the main vector in development and international cooperation.
H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on Tourism and Trade has publicly signed the official decision naming ADDIS ABABA as WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM on January 19, 2019, in the presence of the diplomatic corps accredited to the global tourism institutions: European Council on Tourism and Trade and European Tourism Academy.
Addis Ababa was announced as the new WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM as the city is preparing for a string of celebrations during 2019 and 2020 marking 550 years as a political center and 130 years since in 1889 the Emperor Menelik II announced the city as the capital of his Ethiopian empire.
The decision of the global tourism institution-European Council on Tourism and Trade to register Addis Ababa on the coveted list of WORLD`S CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM comes in recognition of the city administration lead by the new city mayor Mr. Takele Uma Benti ambitious plans to place tourism at the root of the city development and in appreciation of the cooperation that Presidency of F.D.R. of Ethiopia extended to the Addis Ababa City Government.
The global tourism institution ECTTremarked in the official statement that: Addis Ababa is blending his position, in one of the most beautiful regions in the world, with an extraordinary potential of culture and history patrimony, becoming a true world treasure and without a doubt, one of the most impressive areas of Africa.
Addis Ababa can capitalize on the city status as World Capital of Culture and Tourism creating special tourism offers and touristic routes in the city and his adjacent territory (like the Blue Nile Falls, Lake Tana etc.) in order to retain a growing number of tourists in the city.
With Ethiopian Airlines growth and more than 10 million travelers expected to pass through Addis Ababa an important part of these tourists could be attracted to spend at least one or two nights in the city bringing a substantial revenue into the city.
The decision of European Council on Tourism and Trade marks the end of a negative period in Ethiopian tourism and restarts the process to promote Ethiopia as a safe, tourist-oriented and perfect destination for the culture and adventure loving tourists.
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More about WORLD LEADERS OF TOURISM AND DEVELOPMENT can be observed here:
In January 2019 Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed revamped the Ethiopian Tourism Organization and selected a new leadership of the organization and H.E. Academician SAHLE-WORK ZEWDE, President of F.D.R of Ethiopia expressed the nation full commitment to support tourism development and carving a safe destination for tourism and investment in the heart of Africa.
Cambodia has become the foremost center of tourism in Asia in the last span of time.
The country has topped all international rankings in areas of tourism growth, revenues, tourism satisfaction and has transformed itself in an area of encounters for world leaders in development and cooperation.
The Prime Minister of Cambodia, Academician Hun Sen, re-affirmed tourism´s role as the most important agenda item for the sustainable development of Cambodia´s economy as he received the leaders of global tourism institutions: European Council on Tourism and Trade and European Tourism Academy on evaluation visit to the Kingdom of Cambodia.
President of global tourism institutions: ECTT and European Tourism Academy, Academician Professor Dr. Anton Caragea received by H.E. Academician Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia and Global Ambassador for Tourism and SDG`s.
“In spite of the worldwide economic crisis, Cambodia enjoys continuous tourism growth.
Tourism in Cambodia grew from zero to 5.2 million foreign visitors expected this year of 2018,” said Prime Minister Academician Hun Sen.
“Tourism development has been taken by the Cambodian government as a priority for the sustainable development of our cultural and natural heritage sites,” he added.
“Cambodia´s is fairing best in the world tourism development field growing from 3 million tourist in 2015 to a projected 6 million in 2019 and this is the globe`s most impressive tourism achievements.
Cambodia is a true success story that registered the impressive victories of being named WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and to have in Phnom Penh named as the first Asian city to become a WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM stated ECTT President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
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Main world tourism and culture awards ceremonies are listed here:
“With its wide variety of European Council on Tourism and Trade ECTT heritage sites, Cambodia continues and will continue to draw tourists from all over the world and we are very happy to see the country placing tourism as a priority in their development agenda.”
More about Global Ambassadors of Tourism and Sustainable Development Goals can be accessed here:
Cambodia´s tourism has experienced a significant growth over the years, from 460,000 visitors in 2000 to 4.2 million in 2016(when the nation was voted as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION), or an increase of 1000% over the 2000 benchmark.
International tourism generated US$ 3.8 billion in receipts in 2018.
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Phnom Penh-the new WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM.
During his visit to Cambodia ECTT-European Council on Tourism and Trade President announced that ECTT and European Tourism Academy will organize the WORLD TOURISM DAY 2019 in Phnom Penh marking tourism opportunities in the Kingdom of Cambodia and highlighting Phnom Penh as the perfect destination for cultural, luxury and heritage tourism.
Landmarks of European Council on Tourism and Trade Presidential Delegation visit to the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Battamang-the future center of tourism development stage in the Kingdom of Cambodia. The first leg of ECTT discovery trip.
Banteay Meanchey: a treasure fountain of culture and heritage.
The Wat Ek Phnom archaeological site
Siem Reap Province. The Bakong Temple. A perfect stop-over for history aficionados.
Kampong Thom Province. Sambor Prey Kuk -UNESCO heritage site. European Tourism Academy shortlisted for World Capital of Culture and Tourism status.
Banteay Chhmar temple- a symbol of ever victorious spirit of Khmer People.
Cambodia under Academician Hun SEN, the most extraordinary Prime Minister that the nation had ever had has become a model for development, an independent and people oriented country and a symbol for tourism and national resurgence-ECTT President Dr. Anton Caragea.
H.E. Prime Minister-Academician SAMDECH HUN SEN was elected as the only head of state to date to present to the world a concise and effective vision of completion of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS.
Attending the General Debate of the 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, as the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS and as the Head of the newly elected 6th mandate Royal Government of Cambodia, Prime Minister made a statement highlighting not only Cambodia`s role on upholding international peace and development but also his country global vision for the world in XXI century.
According to international experts Prime Minister HUN SEN speech was bold, energetic and creating a new page in the international relations and upholding the interest and the vision of small and medium countries and of non-aligned group of nations and also ASEAN vision for the world`s future.
H.E. Prime Minister of Kingdom of Cambodia and GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS, Academician HUN SEN has presented his lofty vision for his country, for United Nations and for the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.
Attending the General Debate of the 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, as the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS and as the Head of the newly elected 6th mandate Royal Government of Cambodia, Prime Minister made a statement highlighting the new images of Cambodia with stable democratic process and remarkable socio-economic achievements following the attainment of full peace and stability which prevail all over the country.
He underlined the government’s continued commitment to enhance people’s well-being in line with the soon to be adopted “Cambodian Sustainable Development Goals.”
On international affairs, Prime Minister raised concerns about the threat of unilateralism that has undermined multilateral system, hindered global efforts to address SDGs, to tackle climate change and other common security challenges.
Prime Minister appealed for respect of the UN Charter and avoidance of domestic interference in the pretext of political rights protection. He raised specific case of Cambodia where some external circles, who have fed on ambition to interfere in the domestic affairs of Cambodia, still fail to see the quality and integrity of our election process by issuing statements against or attacking the election outcome.
Such actions are a serious assault on the will of the Cambodian people,” H.E. Prime Minister HUN SEN was elected as the only head of state to date to present to the world a concise and effective vision of completion of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS.
The full text of the allocution of THE GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS-ACADEMICIAN SAMDECH HUN SEN can be read out here:
My participation in this General Assembly is in the context that Cambodian Nation is enjoying the dividends of peace, stability and rapid development which had never been before in her modern history.
Cambodia is a successful case of a war-torn country which had succeeded in making a complete and prideful transformation.
Previously infamous for its killing fields, an unstable region caused by armed conflicts and dangerous mine disposals, an economically backward country mired in poverty and food insecurity, Cambodia now enjoys full peace, and has become a popular tourist destination in Southeast Asia (the WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION r.n); a food exporter; an outstanding performer in poverty reduction and improvement in social indicators. Cambodia is recognized as one of the world’s fast-growing economies, which recently has successfully graduated from its status as a low-income country to a lower-middle income country, owing to its high economic growth at around 7% per annum over the past two decades.
The photo journal of the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS activity during UNITED NATION GENERAL ASSEMBLY can be observed here:
H.E. António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General welcomes H.E. Prime Minister of Cambodia Samdech HUN SEN-the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS.
Notably known for its armed struggle for the power and changes of government, Cambodia is now governed by the rule of law and firmly respects the multi-party liberal democracy, with regular, free and fair elections, held to enable its people to choose the country’s leadership.
Twenty registered political parties have competed in the election which clearly demonstrated a legitimate representation of pluralist politics and reflected what thousands of domestic and international observers described as a stable democratic process in Cambodia and as a free, fair, and credible election.
By their votes, Cambodians reaffirmed their desire for peace, stability and long-lasting sustainable development.
Indeed, the free choice of the Cambodian people and the legitimate result of this election is not a subject for question or debate.
Some external circles, who have fed on ambition to interfere in domestic affairs of Cambodia, still fail to see the quality and integrity of our election process by issuing statements against or attacking the election outcome.
Such actions are a serious assault on the will of the Cambodian people.
I would like to draw the attention of all UN members to the vitality of the United Nations Charter.
It depends on all of us to provide a proper respect for this crucial document by avoiding the interference, damaging, or disrupting sovereignty of an independent state.
We are heartedly regretful to highlight the fact that human rights nowadays have become “a mission to impose civilization” for some powerful nations or, perhaps, as their operating standards as the pretext for the interference under the name of political rights protection.
As a result, the imposition of unilateral sanctions has become a popular weapon of powerful nations in managing their international politics, which is completely driven by geopolitical agendas.
This is nothing but a use of the brutal force of a particular state to impose its will on other sovereignty states.
In a world, where the eras of imperialism and colonialism became the history, we have to acknowledge that not all nations in this General Assembly shall follow the governing model of any country.
Big countries should not attempt to install their administrative system on other small countries, because those small countries also possess sovereignty and legitimate aspiration to maintain their own identities. In the modern-days of interdependence, such an old style coercive mindset should be put to rest.
Together, both big and small countries, must respect one another and uphold the rules of the international law and the Charter of the United Nations.
Currently, the world is facing severe instabilities while the threats to peace are coming in many forms, more than what we have witnessed in the past 25 years.
We are all living in a world faced with fragility, unpredictability, complicated changes, as the challenges are coming from various fronts, including the increase in persistent conflicts and unprecedented humanitarian crises.
We are deeply concerned by the tensions made by a first world class superpower in the diplomatic circle and by the conflicts happening in many places thank to the interference by this superpower.
We are also deeply concerned by the rush decisions made by this superpower to urgently withdraw from major international agreements that threaten the core legitimacy of international legal order.
This unilateral actions have undermined the state-to-state relationships and caused tension in the international community.
Yet, what puts the most pressure is direct attack on multilateralism.
Undoubtedly, in our globalized world, all things are connected. if we begin to adhere to the protectionist policy, unilateralism and trade war, we are closing the door by not welcoming any trade and investment opportunities which have provided prosperity to our countries, both small and big ones, for many decades.
Eventually, we all are poorer; our economies will decline; financial capital will shrink and the ability to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as well as, addressing the challenges caused by climate change would be seriously affected.
Those factors will make poor countries suffer prolonged poverty, and thus we are more vulnerable to the dangerous ideology of terrorism, extremism, and regional conflicts.
Cambodia, as a small economy, believes in the interests of the rule-based international cooperation. As a matter of fact, we all have been prospering because of the globalization.
We all are thus convinced that the global trade should not be hindered by the imposition of unilateral tariffs; yet it should be enhanced and supported through the adherence to conductive policies for trade and investment, as well as, the provision of special preferential treatment to developing countries.
Stability and diversification in the financial sector need to be further encouraged to promote innovation and development.
All in all, we need to jointly maintain and strengthen ‘’multilateralism”.
In fact, peace without development is not sustainable. In this context, “Sustainable Development Goals” of the United Nations play a pivotal role in guiding toward prosperity for the people. Cambodia views the SDGs as an important opportunity to mobilize efforts in achieving poverty reduction, as well as, sustainable and inclusive development.
The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) soon will approve “Cambodia Sustainable Development Goals (CSDGs)” which has been fully localized, and we will use those goals to shape our medium and long-term policies and plans for Cambodia.
Moreover, the conflict prevention is precondition for a long-lasting peace. The UN peacekeeping forces play a vital leading role in these efforts. As a result, Cambodia greatly welcomes the vision of H.E. António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General, on peace-building and peace-keeping, particularly further paying continued attention to the conflict prevention.
Cambodia is a consistent supporter of the architecture of peace and security of the United Nations.
For instance, for the last 12 years, Cambodia has sent thousands of Blue Helmet forces to join peace-keeping missions under the umbrella of the United Nations.
However, peace-keeping is facing unprecedented challenges since the non-state actors have waged rebellion wars against our peace-keeping forces, which have caused many lives and disabilities.
We are sincerely indebted to the sacrifice of the UN peace-keeping heroes. Nonetheless, their death and sacrifice have not distorted our commitment to further contributing to the cause of this great mission.
Another severe and complicated threat which is the barriers to the long-lasting peace is terrorism.
They have disintegrated communities, worsened the conflicts and weakened the stability of the whole region. Currently, the battles against terrorism have become even more complex and modernized since the terrorists are turning to the cyberspace for their malevolent operation.
Profoundly, the cross-border nature of terrorism requires us to build a multilateral cooperation with concerted coordination, including “countermeasures” and “preventive measures”.
Addressing climate change is another key element for the success of the 2030 Agenda, which requires urgent and focused attention from the global community.
The fundamentals for action on climate change are undoubtedly rested upon the Paris Agreement.
In this spirit, Cambodia will provide full support to the Secretary-General of the United Nations to organize the Climate Summit next year to foster the inspiration to further address climate change.
Finally, I would like to emphasize that Cambodia fully support the UN’s global leadership, and commits to implementing our shared responsibility to build a peaceful and equitable human society who enjoys sustainable and inclusive development.
The official candidature of The Republic of Cuba for WORLD TOURISM DESTINATION AWARD was accepted and dully registered, being the last candidature accepted for 2018/2019 tourism year announced the Office of The President of European Council on Tourism and Trade.
On this occasion, H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on Tourism and Trade has wished full success for the country international recognition in the field of tourism.
The presentation and cooperation meeting was focused on the tourism potential of the Caribbean island, recovery of the tourism industry after Irma hurricane and opportunities for investment in tourism industry on Cuba after the latest legal and constitutional framework changes and the chances of the beautiful hot-spot to be named as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and FAVORITE CULTURAL DESTINATION.
Cuba has the potential of making another perfect WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION awardee considers President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
H.E. Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA, the new Ambassador of Cuba, has outlined the changes in property laws, the acceptance of private property and is guarantee by the state and the special support offered for hotel and hospitality chains interested in investing in the booming Cuban tourism sector.
The bilateral discussion, has marked the debut of mandate for H.E. Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA and H.E. ECTT President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, has officially presented the congratulations for the start of mandate of the new ambassador noting the world tourism institution hopes for a fruitful cooperation and also has marked the official congratulations for the new Head of State of The Republic of Cuba: H.E. Miguel Díaz-Canel – President of Council of State and Council of Ministers.
The election of the new Cuban leader is a testimony of the desire of Cuba to continue on the path of revolution and to foster new development ways while maintaining the legacy and conquest of the Revolution, underlined Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
Dialogue of friendship marking the beginning of the new mandate: ECTT President-Dr. Anton Caragea and Cuban Ambassador Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA.
President Dr. Anton Caragea express his amicable fillings and friendly interest towards the recent evolution`s in Cuba, that are consolidating Cuba`s economic development, open society and are creating a sense of perfect unity between the people of Cuba and the government. Cuba`s revolutionary transition under Commander Raul Castro supervision and President Miguel Díaz-Canel guidance and leadership is witnessed with sympathy and interest in Europe, emphasized Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
H.E. Ambassador Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA expressed his gratitude for the good wishes related to his new mandate and presented the latest achievements in bilateral relations :developing cultural relations and building new bridges of understanding between world tourism institution-ECTT and Cuba.
The parties had appreciated that between European Council on Tourism and Trade and Cuba there are large area of common interests , designed to forge a good understanding and a long-term cooperation.
Marking the opportunity Professor Dr. Anton Caragea stress the significance for the new Ambassador: Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA, to place accent on the cooperation in the fields of hospitality and tourism promotion, taking full advantage of the support of the Presidency of the European Council on Tourism and Trade, a unique occasion to foster Cuban tourism potential and international image across the continent.
Europe and Cuba can foster an impressive cultural and touristic cooperation pressed Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
The dialogue had continued on concrete aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future .
In the end of the discussion the official candidature of Cuba for WORLD TOURISM DESTINATION AWARD was accepted and dully registered, being the last candidature accepted for 2018/2019 tourism year.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on Tourism and Trade has wished full success for the country international recognition and encouraged the ambassador to continue his diplomatic presentation tour with a meeting with European Tourism Academy leadership in order to foster tourism and the better understanding of Cuba in the world.
In a public announcement European Council on Tourism and Trade (ECTT) President H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, had put forward the details of EUROPEAN TOURISM DAY 2018 celebrations and gazetted his presence on the venue and a message from the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM and SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: Academician HUN SEN.
European Tourism Council President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea outlines the priorities for EUROPEAN TOURISM DAY.
In 2018 the EUROPEAN TOURISM DAY conference will address the topic of ” EU tourism or European tourism” and will look into issues such as the role of tourism as a tool for building a self counscience and open Europe irrespective of borders as well as the future of tourism governance at EU, national and regional level.
The event will gather up to 200 participants, including European Council on Tourism and Trade officials, other representatives of the European Tourism Academy and high-level representatives of Parliamentary Assembly for Sustainable Development Goals, public authorities at European national and regional level.
We’ll also line up representatives of prominent European sector associations, the tourism and travel industry as well as other relevant stakeholders.
The President address for the conference will highlight themes such as how to attract more investment, upgrade skills, and innovation and the digital economy in tourism, as well as promoting Europe as the number one tourist destination.
The objective of the conference will be to exchange views on existing and new challenges and opportunities of European and EU tourism and engage in a discussion about priorities for tourism under the new European Council on Tourism and Trade Framework from 2030 onwards.
We will debate about the necessary actions, actors and their roles at EU, national and regional level and will showcase best practices of turning challenges into opportunities.
European Council on Tourism and Trade President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea has unveiled the world institutions decisions regarding the theme for 2018 tourism year and world tourism day as TOURISM: PROTECTING CULTURE AND HERITAGE. Among other executive decisions are also: the opening of 2018 World`s Best Tourist Destination and World Capital of Culture and Tourism competitions from January 22, 2018. Starting from this date the embassies, consulates, ministries of tourism, culture can start promoting and outlining the candidatures for the top awards.
Celebrated worldwide World Tourism Day at European Council on Tourism and Trade is commemorated usually at the end of September each year and hosted in the capital of the country crowned as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION OF THE YEAR.
The decision has being taken on October 4, 2017 by the President of European Council on Tourism and Trade, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and enter into force from January 1st , 2018 and marks the instrumental role of tourism in promoting cultural knowledge and awareness and offering the necessary tool and public opinion support in protecting world heritage.
Celebrated worldwide World Tourism Day at European Council on Tourism and Trade is commemorated usually at the end of September each year and hosted in the capital of the country crowned as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION OF THE YEAR.
World Tourism Day is celebrated across the world in every country and city interested in harnessing the power of tourism for growth, development and cultural identity and in accordance with the tradition the year receivers of WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM designation are recognized as the official hosts of WORLD TOURISM DAY.
Keeping in respect with this tradition, European Council on Tourism and Trade designated as official host the city of PHNOM PENH, the capital of Kingdom of Cambodia being named as the organizer and host of World Tourism Day 2018 ceremonies.
European Council on Tourism and Trade decision upholds the role of culture and tourism as tools for development and creativity and support the relevance of cultural landscapes in tourism and the integration of natural and cultural heritage philosophies and procedures for sustainable tourism development.
The new 2018 session of WORLD TOURISM AND TRAVEL AWARDS of European Council on Tourism and Trade will concentrate on harnessing the power of culture and heritage for the candidates declared as World`s Best Tourist Destination and World Capital of Culture and Tourism.
The European Council on Tourism and Trade salutes the 70 years anniversary since the United Nations Organization Charter was signed in San Francisco on 26 June 1945, this being a fundamental, seminal document for the political organization of international relations after the tragic experience of the Second World War.
Despite the huge challenges and multiple transformations that the international community has gone through during these past 7 decades, the UN Charter proved to be a flexible and visionary document, dedicated to maintaining peace and preventing a new world war.
Celebrating 70 years since the signing of the UN Charter provides the European Council on Tourism and Trade the opportunity to reiterate Europe’s commitment – to the goals and values of the world organization and its constant respect for the actions of institutions in the UN system, as the main global cooperation framework between topics of international law and the codification of international law rules.
The UN Charter is not solely the result of multilateral deliberations and negotiations at the Peace Conference in San Francisco in 1945. Its adoption was the result of a long development process, held for most of the war, spurred by the Allies’ political vision of the UN, as they envisaged as a fundamental instrument of postwar order that would take into account the successful experiences and failures of the Society of Nations, the new geostrategic configurations and, especially, the all the values of the Western civilization, values which had so deeply been disturbed by the war.
The Joint Statement of the US President and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, signed on 14 August 1941, and known as the “Atlantic Charter”, had already established a set of basic principles that would be reflected in the forthcoming UN Charter, including collective security, the mechanisms of peaceful settlement of disputes and the economic and social cooperation framework. Even then, these principles manifested their force of attraction for countries on all continents, as countries rallied to the Allies’ common cause, and served to isolate the aggressor states and fascist ideology.
On 1 January 1942 the United Nations Declaration, signed in Washington by the 26 belligerent powers, was an official statement of support for the future UN Charter. Subsequently, 21 other states signed the Declaration, forming the configuration of the founding members of the world organization.
Then the Joint Four-Nation Declaration followed, signed in Moscow in October 1943 by the governments of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and China, this being the first document whereby signatories recognize “the need to create as soon as possible in practical terms a general international organization, based on the principle of sovereign equality of all peace-loving states, open to all these countries, large or small, to maintain international peace and security.”
During 1944, in Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, following this formal commitment, the representatives of the four major Allied powers prepared a set of Proposals on the creation of General International Organization. These included most of the provisions necessary for the proper functioning of the future organization, except for the voting procedures in the Security Council.
At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the leaders of the US, Great Britain and the Soviet Union agreed on settling the remaining divergences and assembled the United Nations Conference in San Francisco. The Conference in San Francisco began on 25 April 1945, the negotiations leading to the completion of the draft Charter on 25 June, and to its signing by delegates from 50 states on 26 June 1945. The UN Charter entered into force on 24 October 1945, this being considered official United Nations Day.