ADDIS ABABA – The Global Tourism Institution: European Council on Tourism and Trade (ECTT) has selected Addis Ababa as world’s capital of Culture and Tourism for 2019. In connection with the entitlement of the metropolis, Addis Ababa City Government Culture and Tourism Bureau has launched the 10th Urban centered culture festival yesterday under the theme “Culture for Nations Peace and Unity”.
State Minister of Culture and Tourism Bizunesh Meseret in her opening remark said that Ethiopia is a country endowed with different cultures and heritages and the society must discharge its responsibility in promoting our cultures.
Bizunesh added that in addition to promoting the culture the society must fight against alien culture and give awareness for the youth who are highly vulnerable to it.
Addis Ababa City Government Culture and Tourism Bureau Head, Assistant Professor Nebiyu Baye on the occasion noted that the decision of the global tourism institution European Council on Tourism and Trade to register Addis Ababa on the desired list of World’s Capital of Culture and Tourism comes in recognition of the ambitious plan by Head of Addis Ababa`s Government Takele Uma to place tourism at the fore front of the city development.
Nebiyu added that, the existence of a vast array of historical and religious monuments among the reasons for crowning the city as a world cultural and touristic hub the European Council on Tourism and Trade enumerated.
By this recognition of Addis Ababa as World Capital of Culture and Tourism, the capital city of Ethiopia is added on the world`s list of cities leading humanity into development and using culture and tourism as fundamentals for a better life.
Addis Ababa is a world-class urban tourism destination, with tourism sites ranging from full heritage sites, including traditional palaces, churches, mosques and famous markets like Merkato and Shiromeda, to state of the art architecture and museums.
Assistant Professor Nebiyu further expressed deep gratitude and appreciation for the society which participates in producing traditional cloth, poetry and other activities which expresses the culture of Ethiopia in a well manner.
Addis Ababa as host destination of World Capital of Culture and Tourism program will feature its fair and inclusive tourism initiative in the conference program, promoting the importance of building inclusive tourism for all.
The global tourism institution ECTT remarked in the official statement that, Addis Ababa is blending its position in one of the most beautiful regions in the world, with the potential of culture and history patrimony, becoming a true world treasure and without a doubt, one of the most impressive areas of Africa.
CELEBRATIONS MARKING ADDIS ABABA ROLE AS WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea The President of European Council on Tourism and Trade-ECTT (left) and President of Romania H.E. Professor Dr. Emil Constantinescu on the venue of ECTT Executive Board meeting.
Ethiopia is an example of development activities, investment protection and facilitation, economic growth and wealth spreading to the nation and this is the creation of your life long experience and devotion to your people.
The world community statement of confidence in the bright future of Ethiopia nation and practical measures put in place, made your country succeeding in the WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM competition in recognition of your nation incredible wealth of traditions, natural treasures, history prowess and contribution to humanity legacy.
The world recognizes that Trade, Travel and Tourism are part of the international life and each and every one of our citizens became a world ambassador and a central actor on world stage.
EUROPEAN TOURISM ACADEMY EVENTS PROGRAMME FOR ADDIS ABABA
Nations that wish to attain their full potential and reach the picks of development, international recognition, economic growth and prosperous life for their citizens can’t remove themselves from the international tourism and trade arena.
Trade and Tourism are the key pillars for countries and billions of people, worldwide, in their efforts to achieve fully their live potential.
European Council on Tourism and Trade had become, and strides to remain, the driving force in the international promotion of culture, and patrimony and encapsulate tourism as the main vector in development and international cooperation.
Cambodia has become the foremost center of tourism in Asia in the last span of time.
The country has topped all international rankings in areas of tourism growth, revenues, tourism satisfaction and has transformed itself in an area of encounters for world leaders in development and cooperation.
The Prime Minister of Cambodia, Academician Hun Sen, re-affirmed tourism´s role as the most important agenda item for the sustainable development of Cambodia´s economy as he received the leaders of global tourism institutions: European Council on Tourism and Trade and European Tourism Academy on evaluation visit to the Kingdom of Cambodia.
President of global tourism institutions: ECTT and European Tourism Academy, Academician Professor Dr. Anton Caragea received by H.E. Academician Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia and Global Ambassador for Tourism and SDG`s.
“In spite of the worldwide economic crisis, Cambodia enjoys continuous tourism growth.
Tourism in Cambodia grew from zero to 5.2 million foreign visitors expected this year of 2018,” said Prime Minister Academician Hun Sen.
“Tourism development has been taken by the Cambodian government as a priority for the sustainable development of our cultural and natural heritage sites,” he added.
“Cambodia´s is fairing best in the world tourism development field growing from 3 million tourist in 2015 to a projected 6 million in 2019 and this is the globe`s most impressive tourism achievements.
Cambodia is a true success story that registered the impressive victories of being named WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and to have in Phnom Penh named as the first Asian city to become a WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM stated ECTT President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
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Main world tourism and culture awards ceremonies are listed here:
“With its wide variety of European Council on Tourism and Trade ECTT heritage sites, Cambodia continues and will continue to draw tourists from all over the world and we are very happy to see the country placing tourism as a priority in their development agenda.”
More about Global Ambassadors of Tourism and Sustainable Development Goals can be accessed here:
Cambodia´s tourism has experienced a significant growth over the years, from 460,000 visitors in 2000 to 4.2 million in 2016(when the nation was voted as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION), or an increase of 1000% over the 2000 benchmark.
International tourism generated US$ 3.8 billion in receipts in 2018.
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Phnom Penh-the new WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM.
During his visit to Cambodia ECTT-European Council on Tourism and Trade President announced that ECTT and European Tourism Academy will organize the WORLD TOURISM DAY 2019 in Phnom Penh marking tourism opportunities in the Kingdom of Cambodia and highlighting Phnom Penh as the perfect destination for cultural, luxury and heritage tourism.
Landmarks of European Council on Tourism and Trade Presidential Delegation visit to the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Battamang-the future center of tourism development stage in the Kingdom of Cambodia. The first leg of ECTT discovery trip.
Banteay Meanchey: a treasure fountain of culture and heritage.
The Wat Ek Phnom archaeological site
Siem Reap Province. The Bakong Temple. A perfect stop-over for history aficionados.
Kampong Thom Province. Sambor Prey Kuk -UNESCO heritage site. European Tourism Academy shortlisted for World Capital of Culture and Tourism status.
Banteay Chhmar temple- a symbol of ever victorious spirit of Khmer People.
Cambodia under Academician Hun SEN, the most extraordinary Prime Minister that the nation had ever had has become a model for development, an independent and people oriented country and a symbol for tourism and national resurgence-ECTT President Dr. Anton Caragea.
On the occasion of the start of preparations for WORLD TOURISM DAY 2019 the global tourism institutions: European Council on Tourism and Trade and European Tourism Academy had decided to select Djibouti City and Phnom Penh as models and hosts of World Tourism Day 2019 ceremonies in sign of recognition of these cities as centers of tourism development, repositories of priceless cultural artifacts and leaders in heritage protection.
The Autumn 2018 Meeting of European Council on Tourism and Trade and the official celebrations for WORLD TOURISM DAY 2018 had taken place at the headquarters of global tourism institution.
The events had taken place under the leadership of Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, European Council on Tourism and Trade President and a string of key decisions for tourism and culture future in 2019 had being taken.
The main issues debated where the selection of the 2019 host cities for World Tourism Day, and the announcement of official theme of the next year tourism celebration for European Tourism Academy and European Council on Tourism and Trade.
This theme will be instrumental also in the selection of new candidates for hosting world tourism awards ceremonies in 2019.
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Main world tourism and culture awards ceremonies slated for 2019:
Phnom Penh, the capital of Kingdom of Cambodia and Djibouti city, the capital of The Republic of Djibouti were selected as the official model cities for World Tourism Day celebrations and official hosts of global tourism events.
Both Djibouti and Phnom Penh where in previous years selected as World`s Capital of Culture and Tourism and globally recognized as centers of heritage, tourism and culture.
The city of Phnom Penh has also obtained WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION status in 2016 and hosted the World Tourism Awards ceremonies the same year establishing himself as a powerful tourism and cultural center of Indochina.
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Phnom Penh-the new WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM.
Tourism must also be organized in such a manner to not impede conservation efforts, to support raising awareness on historical monuments and to help to acquire the financial support necessary for historical preservation activities.
Tourism and history are inseparable, are growing from the same tree: the sapling of culture and civilization.
History is the root of tourism development and tourism must feed and nurture historical preservation as leaves are feeding the tree said Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-global tourism president.
The next year celebration for World Tourism Day will take place in 27 September 2019, placing under the spotlight the culture and civilization as an integral part of tourism growth and role in the sustainable development goals agenda.
H.E. Prime Minister-Academician SAMDECH HUN SEN was elected as the only head of state to date to present to the world a concise and effective vision of completion of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS.
Attending the General Debate of the 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, as the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS and as the Head of the newly elected 6th mandate Royal Government of Cambodia, Prime Minister made a statement highlighting not only Cambodia`s role on upholding international peace and development but also his country global vision for the world in XXI century.
According to international experts Prime Minister HUN SEN speech was bold, energetic and creating a new page in the international relations and upholding the interest and the vision of small and medium countries and of non-aligned group of nations and also ASEAN vision for the world`s future.
H.E. Prime Minister of Kingdom of Cambodia and GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS, Academician HUN SEN has presented his lofty vision for his country, for United Nations and for the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.
Attending the General Debate of the 73rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, as the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS and as the Head of the newly elected 6th mandate Royal Government of Cambodia, Prime Minister made a statement highlighting the new images of Cambodia with stable democratic process and remarkable socio-economic achievements following the attainment of full peace and stability which prevail all over the country.
He underlined the government’s continued commitment to enhance people’s well-being in line with the soon to be adopted “Cambodian Sustainable Development Goals.”
On international affairs, Prime Minister raised concerns about the threat of unilateralism that has undermined multilateral system, hindered global efforts to address SDGs, to tackle climate change and other common security challenges.
Prime Minister appealed for respect of the UN Charter and avoidance of domestic interference in the pretext of political rights protection. He raised specific case of Cambodia where some external circles, who have fed on ambition to interfere in the domestic affairs of Cambodia, still fail to see the quality and integrity of our election process by issuing statements against or attacking the election outcome.
Such actions are a serious assault on the will of the Cambodian people,” H.E. Prime Minister HUN SEN was elected as the only head of state to date to present to the world a concise and effective vision of completion of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS.
The full text of the allocution of THE GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS-ACADEMICIAN SAMDECH HUN SEN can be read out here:
My participation in this General Assembly is in the context that Cambodian Nation is enjoying the dividends of peace, stability and rapid development which had never been before in her modern history.
Cambodia is a successful case of a war-torn country which had succeeded in making a complete and prideful transformation.
Previously infamous for its killing fields, an unstable region caused by armed conflicts and dangerous mine disposals, an economically backward country mired in poverty and food insecurity, Cambodia now enjoys full peace, and has become a popular tourist destination in Southeast Asia (the WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION r.n); a food exporter; an outstanding performer in poverty reduction and improvement in social indicators. Cambodia is recognized as one of the world’s fast-growing economies, which recently has successfully graduated from its status as a low-income country to a lower-middle income country, owing to its high economic growth at around 7% per annum over the past two decades.
The photo journal of the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS activity during UNITED NATION GENERAL ASSEMBLY can be observed here:
H.E. António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General welcomes H.E. Prime Minister of Cambodia Samdech HUN SEN-the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS.
Notably known for its armed struggle for the power and changes of government, Cambodia is now governed by the rule of law and firmly respects the multi-party liberal democracy, with regular, free and fair elections, held to enable its people to choose the country’s leadership.
Twenty registered political parties have competed in the election which clearly demonstrated a legitimate representation of pluralist politics and reflected what thousands of domestic and international observers described as a stable democratic process in Cambodia and as a free, fair, and credible election.
By their votes, Cambodians reaffirmed their desire for peace, stability and long-lasting sustainable development.
Indeed, the free choice of the Cambodian people and the legitimate result of this election is not a subject for question or debate.
Some external circles, who have fed on ambition to interfere in domestic affairs of Cambodia, still fail to see the quality and integrity of our election process by issuing statements against or attacking the election outcome.
Such actions are a serious assault on the will of the Cambodian people.
I would like to draw the attention of all UN members to the vitality of the United Nations Charter.
It depends on all of us to provide a proper respect for this crucial document by avoiding the interference, damaging, or disrupting sovereignty of an independent state.
We are heartedly regretful to highlight the fact that human rights nowadays have become “a mission to impose civilization” for some powerful nations or, perhaps, as their operating standards as the pretext for the interference under the name of political rights protection.
As a result, the imposition of unilateral sanctions has become a popular weapon of powerful nations in managing their international politics, which is completely driven by geopolitical agendas.
This is nothing but a use of the brutal force of a particular state to impose its will on other sovereignty states.
In a world, where the eras of imperialism and colonialism became the history, we have to acknowledge that not all nations in this General Assembly shall follow the governing model of any country.
Big countries should not attempt to install their administrative system on other small countries, because those small countries also possess sovereignty and legitimate aspiration to maintain their own identities. In the modern-days of interdependence, such an old style coercive mindset should be put to rest.
Together, both big and small countries, must respect one another and uphold the rules of the international law and the Charter of the United Nations.
Currently, the world is facing severe instabilities while the threats to peace are coming in many forms, more than what we have witnessed in the past 25 years.
We are all living in a world faced with fragility, unpredictability, complicated changes, as the challenges are coming from various fronts, including the increase in persistent conflicts and unprecedented humanitarian crises.
We are deeply concerned by the tensions made by a first world class superpower in the diplomatic circle and by the conflicts happening in many places thank to the interference by this superpower.
We are also deeply concerned by the rush decisions made by this superpower to urgently withdraw from major international agreements that threaten the core legitimacy of international legal order.
This unilateral actions have undermined the state-to-state relationships and caused tension in the international community.
Yet, what puts the most pressure is direct attack on multilateralism.
Undoubtedly, in our globalized world, all things are connected. if we begin to adhere to the protectionist policy, unilateralism and trade war, we are closing the door by not welcoming any trade and investment opportunities which have provided prosperity to our countries, both small and big ones, for many decades.
Eventually, we all are poorer; our economies will decline; financial capital will shrink and the ability to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as well as, addressing the challenges caused by climate change would be seriously affected.
Those factors will make poor countries suffer prolonged poverty, and thus we are more vulnerable to the dangerous ideology of terrorism, extremism, and regional conflicts.
Cambodia, as a small economy, believes in the interests of the rule-based international cooperation. As a matter of fact, we all have been prospering because of the globalization.
We all are thus convinced that the global trade should not be hindered by the imposition of unilateral tariffs; yet it should be enhanced and supported through the adherence to conductive policies for trade and investment, as well as, the provision of special preferential treatment to developing countries.
Stability and diversification in the financial sector need to be further encouraged to promote innovation and development.
All in all, we need to jointly maintain and strengthen ‘’multilateralism”.
In fact, peace without development is not sustainable. In this context, “Sustainable Development Goals” of the United Nations play a pivotal role in guiding toward prosperity for the people. Cambodia views the SDGs as an important opportunity to mobilize efforts in achieving poverty reduction, as well as, sustainable and inclusive development.
The Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) soon will approve “Cambodia Sustainable Development Goals (CSDGs)” which has been fully localized, and we will use those goals to shape our medium and long-term policies and plans for Cambodia.
Moreover, the conflict prevention is precondition for a long-lasting peace. The UN peacekeeping forces play a vital leading role in these efforts. As a result, Cambodia greatly welcomes the vision of H.E. António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General, on peace-building and peace-keeping, particularly further paying continued attention to the conflict prevention.
Cambodia is a consistent supporter of the architecture of peace and security of the United Nations.
For instance, for the last 12 years, Cambodia has sent thousands of Blue Helmet forces to join peace-keeping missions under the umbrella of the United Nations.
However, peace-keeping is facing unprecedented challenges since the non-state actors have waged rebellion wars against our peace-keeping forces, which have caused many lives and disabilities.
We are sincerely indebted to the sacrifice of the UN peace-keeping heroes. Nonetheless, their death and sacrifice have not distorted our commitment to further contributing to the cause of this great mission.
Another severe and complicated threat which is the barriers to the long-lasting peace is terrorism.
They have disintegrated communities, worsened the conflicts and weakened the stability of the whole region. Currently, the battles against terrorism have become even more complex and modernized since the terrorists are turning to the cyberspace for their malevolent operation.
Profoundly, the cross-border nature of terrorism requires us to build a multilateral cooperation with concerted coordination, including “countermeasures” and “preventive measures”.
Addressing climate change is another key element for the success of the 2030 Agenda, which requires urgent and focused attention from the global community.
The fundamentals for action on climate change are undoubtedly rested upon the Paris Agreement.
In this spirit, Cambodia will provide full support to the Secretary-General of the United Nations to organize the Climate Summit next year to foster the inspiration to further address climate change.
Finally, I would like to emphasize that Cambodia fully support the UN’s global leadership, and commits to implementing our shared responsibility to build a peaceful and equitable human society who enjoys sustainable and inclusive development.
The official candidature of The Republic of Cuba for WORLD TOURISM DESTINATION AWARD was accepted and dully registered, being the last candidature accepted for 2018/2019 tourism year announced the Office of The President of European Council on Tourism and Trade.
On this occasion, H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on Tourism and Trade has wished full success for the country international recognition in the field of tourism.
The presentation and cooperation meeting was focused on the tourism potential of the Caribbean island, recovery of the tourism industry after Irma hurricane and opportunities for investment in tourism industry on Cuba after the latest legal and constitutional framework changes and the chances of the beautiful hot-spot to be named as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and FAVORITE CULTURAL DESTINATION.
Cuba has the potential of making another perfect WORLD`S BEST TOURIST DESTINATION awardee considers President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
H.E. Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA, the new Ambassador of Cuba, has outlined the changes in property laws, the acceptance of private property and is guarantee by the state and the special support offered for hotel and hospitality chains interested in investing in the booming Cuban tourism sector.
The bilateral discussion, has marked the debut of mandate for H.E. Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA and H.E. ECTT President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, has officially presented the congratulations for the start of mandate of the new ambassador noting the world tourism institution hopes for a fruitful cooperation and also has marked the official congratulations for the new Head of State of The Republic of Cuba: H.E. Miguel Díaz-Canel – President of Council of State and Council of Ministers.
The election of the new Cuban leader is a testimony of the desire of Cuba to continue on the path of revolution and to foster new development ways while maintaining the legacy and conquest of the Revolution, underlined Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
Dialogue of friendship marking the beginning of the new mandate: ECTT President-Dr. Anton Caragea and Cuban Ambassador Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA.
President Dr. Anton Caragea express his amicable fillings and friendly interest towards the recent evolution`s in Cuba, that are consolidating Cuba`s economic development, open society and are creating a sense of perfect unity between the people of Cuba and the government. Cuba`s revolutionary transition under Commander Raul Castro supervision and President Miguel Díaz-Canel guidance and leadership is witnessed with sympathy and interest in Europe, emphasized Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
H.E. Ambassador Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA expressed his gratitude for the good wishes related to his new mandate and presented the latest achievements in bilateral relations :developing cultural relations and building new bridges of understanding between world tourism institution-ECTT and Cuba.
The parties had appreciated that between European Council on Tourism and Trade and Cuba there are large area of common interests , designed to forge a good understanding and a long-term cooperation.
Marking the opportunity Professor Dr. Anton Caragea stress the significance for the new Ambassador: Roberto César Hamilton MAGAÑA, to place accent on the cooperation in the fields of hospitality and tourism promotion, taking full advantage of the support of the Presidency of the European Council on Tourism and Trade, a unique occasion to foster Cuban tourism potential and international image across the continent.
Europe and Cuba can foster an impressive cultural and touristic cooperation pressed Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
The dialogue had continued on concrete aspects and analyses of economic, political and cultural bilateral relations and on ways of fostering this dialogue on to the future .
In the end of the discussion the official candidature of Cuba for WORLD TOURISM DESTINATION AWARD was accepted and dully registered, being the last candidature accepted for 2018/2019 tourism year.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on Tourism and Trade has wished full success for the country international recognition and encouraged the ambassador to continue his diplomatic presentation tour with a meeting with European Tourism Academy leadership in order to foster tourism and the better understanding of Cuba in the world.
On the International Day of Parliamentarism, the first-ever celebration of the parliaments and parliamentarians role in today society (decided by United Nations to be observed on 30 June) H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea President pro-Tempore of PARLIAMENTARIAN ASSEMBLY FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS had presented the following message:
The International Day of Parliamentarism, a new United Nations day of observance, recognizes the lynch-pin role in today society and democracy played by the Parliaments.
Leading an organization destined to promote a better world, to build democracy and prosperity and to promote peace and dialogue I must emphasize the crucial role that responsible parliamentarian activity is playing in protecting nations, combating corruption, representing people and trying to advance their aspirations.
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More information about PARLIAMENTARIAN ASSEMBLY FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS is available here:
Parliaments can be the voice of nations and the main harbingers of democracy, defenders of human rights and dignity and can bridge local and global agendas.
Enacting laws and strategies, they can contribute significantly to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals — our only charted course towards a world dominated by peace, dialogue, cooperation and development.
This year 2018/2019 I want to emphasize the necessity for world parliaments to foster natural protection, to confront climate change, to protect life across our wonderful planet.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea -President pro-tempore of PARLIAMENTARIAN ASSEMBLY FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS surrounded by parliamentarians from different member states.
Before rebuilding our globe we must save it and if parliamentarians across the world will miss this target they would have failed in their role.
The PARLIAMENTARIAN ASSEMBLY FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS is here to offer support for members of parliaments worldwide, as they strive to deliver for the globe and for the people they ought to serve.
Parliamentary Assembly for the Implementation of SDGs President
In a public announcement European Council on Tourism and Trade (ECTT) President H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, had put forward the details of EUROPEAN TOURISM DAY 2018 celebrations and gazetted his presence on the venue and a message from the GLOBAL AMBASSADOR FOR TOURISM and SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: Academician HUN SEN.
European Tourism Council President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea outlines the priorities for EUROPEAN TOURISM DAY.
In 2018 the EUROPEAN TOURISM DAY conference will address the topic of ” EU tourism or European tourism” and will look into issues such as the role of tourism as a tool for building a self counscience and open Europe irrespective of borders as well as the future of tourism governance at EU, national and regional level.
The event will gather up to 200 participants, including European Council on Tourism and Trade officials, other representatives of the European Tourism Academy and high-level representatives of Parliamentary Assembly for Sustainable Development Goals, public authorities at European national and regional level.
We’ll also line up representatives of prominent European sector associations, the tourism and travel industry as well as other relevant stakeholders.
The President address for the conference will highlight themes such as how to attract more investment, upgrade skills, and innovation and the digital economy in tourism, as well as promoting Europe as the number one tourist destination.
The objective of the conference will be to exchange views on existing and new challenges and opportunities of European and EU tourism and engage in a discussion about priorities for tourism under the new European Council on Tourism and Trade Framework from 2030 onwards.
We will debate about the necessary actions, actors and their roles at EU, national and regional level and will showcase best practices of turning challenges into opportunities.
European Council on Tourism and Trade President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea has unveiled the world institutions decisions regarding the theme for 2018 tourism year and world tourism day as TOURISM: PROTECTING CULTURE AND HERITAGE. Among other executive decisions are also: the opening of 2018 World`s Best Tourist Destination and World Capital of Culture and Tourism competitions from January 22, 2018. Starting from this date the embassies, consulates, ministries of tourism, culture can start promoting and outlining the candidatures for the top awards.
Celebrated worldwide World Tourism Day at European Council on Tourism and Trade is commemorated usually at the end of September each year and hosted in the capital of the country crowned as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION OF THE YEAR.
The decision has being taken on October 4, 2017 by the President of European Council on Tourism and Trade, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and enter into force from January 1st , 2018 and marks the instrumental role of tourism in promoting cultural knowledge and awareness and offering the necessary tool and public opinion support in protecting world heritage.
Celebrated worldwide World Tourism Day at European Council on Tourism and Trade is commemorated usually at the end of September each year and hosted in the capital of the country crowned as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION OF THE YEAR.
World Tourism Day is celebrated across the world in every country and city interested in harnessing the power of tourism for growth, development and cultural identity and in accordance with the tradition the year receivers of WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION and WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM designation are recognized as the official hosts of WORLD TOURISM DAY.
Keeping in respect with this tradition, European Council on Tourism and Trade designated as official host the city of PHNOM PENH, the capital of Kingdom of Cambodia being named as the organizer and host of World Tourism Day 2018 ceremonies.
European Council on Tourism and Trade decision upholds the role of culture and tourism as tools for development and creativity and support the relevance of cultural landscapes in tourism and the integration of natural and cultural heritage philosophies and procedures for sustainable tourism development.
The new 2018 session of WORLD TOURISM AND TRAVEL AWARDS of European Council on Tourism and Trade will concentrate on harnessing the power of culture and heritage for the candidates declared as World`s Best Tourist Destination and World Capital of Culture and Tourism.
Latin America has started a push for tourism development and international recognition.
After a wave of candidature`s from the region where registered for 2017 WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION AWARD now it was the time for Venezuela to invite for a familiarization and discovery trip a high level delegation of European Council on Tourism and Trade and to start preparing for a candidature of Caracas, the capital city, to the international title of WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM.
European Council on Tourism and Trade President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, has accepted the invitation from Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Jorge Arreaza Montserrat, for a familiarization visit with the realities of the Latin American country.
Jorge Arreaza Montserrat, The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela invited an European Council on Tourism and Trade delegation to see first hand the realities of Venezuela.
Jorge Arreaza Montserrat, The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela has marked in the official invitation letter addressed to European Council on Tourism and Trade President: As the Minister of People Power for International Relations I consider with interest your participation in this space of magnitude importance and your solidarity in this historical moment when we celebrated the legacy of dignity and justice of Comandante Hugo Chavez and of President Nicolas Maduro bequeathed to the Venezuelan people and to the Bolivarian revolution.
A concert in the honour of Bolivarian Revolution has enjoyed the presence of European council on Tourism and Trade delegates.
The visit of European Council on Tourism and Trade high level representatives took place in the period between 15 to 22 September 2017 and is part of a broader strategy of the President Nicolas Maduro government to develop Venezuela’s tourism industry and to diversify the nation’s economy and reduce dependence on oil income.
Tourism is a tool for the betterment of Venezuela: H.E. Nicolas Maduro, President of Venezuela presents the city of CARACAS candidature for World Capital of Culture and Tourism to H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea , President of European Council on Tourism and Trade.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, ECTT President remarked: Venezuela has one of the most diverse climates, with ice capped Andean mountains to the west, Amazon jungle to the south, wide rivers and tall waterfalls surrounded by tabletop mountains and unusual rock formations to the southeast, and a gorgeous, pristine Caribbean coast to the north that has some of the world’s finest and exclusive beaches, such as Los Roques and highest waterfalls on the planet, Angel Falls.
President/Professor Dr. Anton Caragea hosted in MIRAFORES TV studios and National Venezuelan Television.
During the week-long visit, the high-level European Council delegates hold extensive talks with various officials like: Juan Bautista Arias Palacio – Minister for Basic and Strategic Industries and Socialist Development, Minister for Communications and Information and Minister of Tourism.
President Dr. Anton Caragea receives for discussions at Hotel Alba the Vice-Minister of Tourism of Venezuela.
Cooperation in the field of tourism promotion and ECTT technical support for Caracas drafting a coherent plan to obtain the election as World Capital of Culture and Tourism was also agreed.
The highlights of the visit, where the two memorable encounters with President Nicolas Maduro.
On September 19, 2017, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea took the distinct honor to sign the HONORARY BOOK at MIRAFLORES Presidential Palace.
On 17 September 2017, the delegates part take in the President TV Show: Sundays with Maduro! together with Evo Morales, Bolivian President.
Evo Morales, President of Bolivia presents a tourism booklet to European Council on Tourism and Trade delegation.
During the discussions, the tourism and cultural connections between the two countries were tabled and Professor Dr. Anton Caragea has given as gifts to the two President’s his latest book on Interference of Civilizations in European Union Project.
On 19 September 2017, in the conclusion of The International March of Solidarity with Venezuela, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea was invited for a photo session with President Nicolas Maduro, signed the Honorary Book at Miraflores Palace and has given an interview to the Miraflores TV Channel, expressing his support for Bolivarian Revolution role in forging a free and democratic Latin America.
The cultural program of the visit included discovery trips to Natural Sanctuary of Waraira Repano, a tour of Caracas landmarks like The Cathedral of Caracas, Saint Francis, Simon Bolivar birthplace etc.
The cable car of Caracas connecting the city with Waraira Repano.
A special day was dedicated to offering respect for Venezuelan history major figures, with a visit to National Pantheon and a stop to Simon Bolivar funeral monument and Francisco Miranda tomb.
Simon Bolivar: The Hero of Latin American Liberation struggle: a lay over charged with respect for official delegates.
An emotionally charged moment was the visit to Mountain Quarter (Quartel de la Montana) the place where the architect of the Bolivarian Revolution and the apostle of the poor`s: Commander Hugo Chavez is laid for eternal rest surrounded by world gratitude and love.
The delegates witnessed the changing of the guard and where hart struck by the powerful words of remembering for the fallen hero: Chavez lives!
President Dr. Anton Caragea in a moment of respect in front of the Commander HUGO CHAVEZ Mausoleum in Mountain Quarter (Quartel de la Montana).
The ECTT delegation visit to Venezuela has given a new impetus to the relations between nations and their attendance to the world solidarity movement with Venezuela has being registered with gratitude by the people of the Caribbean nation, proudly building a revolution of freedom and dignity.
Venezuela it is blessed with an impressive diversity of natural treasures including crystalline beaches, dense jungles, expansive savannas and imposing mountains and we hope that the beautiful city of Caracas will have a fighting chance in WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM competition, stated ECTT President Dr. Anton Caragea.
It will be an incredible boost for all Caribbean region concluded the President.
Caracas: a candidate city for WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM
The telepheric connecting Caracas and Waraira Repano
Natural sanctuary of Waraira Repano
MIRAFLORES Presidential Palace: the beating heart of Venezuela welcomed ECTT President!
Cathedral of Caracas: a splendid architectural marvel.
We salute this incredible decision, concluded Academician Mircea Constantinescu and we strongly uphold the banner of Ambassadors for Tourism and Sustainable Development Goals programme as representing the community of builders of a better world.
On October 4, 2017 the official ceremonies for WORLD TOURISM DAY have taken place in the presence of President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea and having in observance members of European Council on Tourism (ECTT) and Trade, European Tourism Academy, diplomatic corps accredited to ECTT and members of PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY FOR UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDG).
In the opening ceremonies for the World Tourism Day Professor Dr. Anton Caragea has made the long-awaited announcement: The Ambassadors for Tourism and Sustainable Development Goals programme will continue in the next year.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea signs the decree to continue to the Ambassadors for Tourism and Sustainable Development Goals programme onto the next period.
As a result of the demands coming from leaders, statesman`s and peerless world personalities involved in the carving of new development strategies and in implementing United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda we have taken the decision to further implement the program and to entrust the European Council on Tourism and Trade and PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY FOR UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS SDG to continue the implementation of the program in the years to come.
The new logo of a Parliamentary Assembly for Sustainable Development Goals.
On the same occasion Professor Dr. Anton Caragea announced the good news that: the international Campaign for the implementation of 2030 Agenda of United Nations, known worldwide as SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA, in the work of parliaments across the world has reached a first milestone, only after a year of existence, with the support of 262 parliamentarians from 22 national parliaments.
Now with this threshold passed, the Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s, is now endorsed across party lines, ideologies and national agenda`s by more than 262 current members of parliament from over 22 countries.
The creation of a Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s in the UN framework for world cooperation in the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals that was signed by the lawmakers calls for “a gradual implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in all national and local parliaments and elected assemblies agenda creating a global synergy for world level campaign aimed at bringing to life the SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA”
The role of Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s is “to ensure international cooperation, secure the acceptance and to enhance the legitimacy of the United Nations SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA and strengthen the elected representatives ( parliamentarians) capacity to act and to be more effectively and directly included into the activities of implementing and financing the programs related to SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA.”
“The support of a UN Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s by such a broad group of parliamentarians from all the world’s regions shows once again that it is high time for the SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA to be recognized as paramount for world development,” he concluded.
“If it comes to democratizing the SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA and to insure global cooperation, than the Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s is the venue for a technical and democratic debate, said Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
“The SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AGENDA would benefit from involving elected representatives in its deliberations. After all, in many cases it’s them who are needed to help implement UN policy at the national level, especially if it comes to the Agenda 2030,” said Mr. Catalin Nechifor from Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s .
On this momentous occasion the new logo of the Parliamentary Assembly for SDG`s was unveiled by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, the Executive President.
We must note that: apart from members of parliaments, the campaign has also been endorsed by numerous former members of parliaments, distinguished scholars, cultural innovators, representatives of civil society organizations, and many committed citizens from all walks of life.
This year’s celebrations for World Tourism Day, marked on 27 and 28 September, will be officially celebrated in Phnom Penh, Dubai and Bucharest as European Council on Tourism and Trade had decided.
This year celebration will be focused on the role of Sustainable Tourism – a Tool for Development. Celebrated in line with the decisions of Parliamentary Assembly for Sustainable Development Goals, the Day will be dedicated to exploring the contribution of tourism to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
On the Agenda will also be the presentation of the Kingdom of Cambodia impressive tourism success and knowledge sharing of Cambodia`s positive practice on tourism development which saw the Kingdom being named as WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION.
Bucharest as the center of World Tourism Institution of European Council on Tourism and Trade will also mark the event with a special session of PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY FOR SDG focusing on Economic, Social and Human Development on world level and will emphasize the role of world parliaments in promoting SDG value and oversee their implementation in to laws as a catalyst to progress towards a more diversified economy.
Together with the events conducted in Cambodia, European Council on Tourism and trade headquarters and Dubai, the World Tourism Day will be celebrated across the globe.
On this occasion European Council on Tourism and Trade (ECTT) calls upon the travel and tourism community, from all affiliation like entities from private sector, governments and civil society, to join the celebrations and global recognition of tourism as a driving force for prosperity and development.
Medieval castles, Lake District trips, Danube Delta discovery and a tourism, culture and policies full agenda are awaiting for European Council on Tourism and Trade delegates gathering for 2017 General Meeting.
The choice of Dobrogea as the host was natural, as in the words of Academician Mircea Constantinescu, European Tourism Academy Director : an authentic and unexplored gem in European tourism, whose wines are appreciated and renowned worldwide, Romania has demonstrated a strong commitment with sustainable tourism.
“The Republic of Romania is still an emerging tourist destination, but has all the potential to become a must-see destination on the account of cultural tourism, heritage tourism, enological tourism potentials and capabilities said ECTT President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
This was the viewed shared by the leading tourism organizations when they decided to convene on Bucharest for the 10th European Tourism Assembly.
The most important world tourism event to be played under the ECTT leadership will take place on July 29th, 2017 when the world tourism community will propose the name of the new victor of WORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATION AWARD and the world example in tourism development.
The venues for WORLD TOURISM DAY 2017 will be also discussed and decided on the fringes of European Tourism Council gathering.
These are just on the tip of the ice when it comes to the topics in focus at the 10th Meeting of the European Tourism organization-ECTT to be held in Bucharest, Romania, 27-29 July 2017.
To better understand the significance of the meeting we have to take under consideration the fact that: Europe is the world’s most visited region and is the main source of outbound tourism to other destination, accounting for more than half of the world’s international travelers.
Palace of Parliament is preparing to host European Tourism Organization meeting.
In 2014, international tourism in Europe had registered a major contribution to the economic recovery in the region: international tourist arrivals grew by 3% to reach a record 584 million, while international tourism receipts increased by 4% contributing US$ 509 billion (383 billion euro) to the European economies.
On 29 and 30 July 2017, the delegates will be invited to a familiarization trip in Danube Lake District and Danube Delta and will have a chance to visit the famous Enisala fortress in Dobrogea with a unique opportunity to discover European touristic treasures.
The decision to direct the discovery trip towards Danube Delta has come naturally, as on May 2017, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, World Tourism President decided to proclaimed 2017 as the YEAR FOR DANUBE DELTA DISCOVERY.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea is signing the European Tourism Organization meeting call.
The main priorities for European tourism identified by the European national tourism organizations will include the development of cultural destinations and carving transnational products, in order to enhance regional and inter-nations travel cooperation, declared President-Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
Building on a successful cooperation on last year’s Europe Day, the European Tourism Academy supported the EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE(ECTT) to organize the Europe Day on Tuesday , 9 May 2017.
The reception was attended by over 1000 people from including prominent guests such as government representatives, diplomatic corps in Bucharest, business leaders, academia, and the media. On this occasion Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Council President had welcomed the visitors to the event with a powerful speech:
Honourable Members of Parliament,
Excellencies, Members of the Diplomatic Corps,
Colleagues, fellow Europeans and friends of Europe,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Namaste, Salam Alaykum, Good evening, Bonsoir, and a very warm welcome to you all to the 2017 Europe Day celebrations.
First, I would like to express my gratitude to Academicians Mircea Constantinescu and Ionut Costea, Directors of EUROPEAN TOURISM ACADEMY, for kindly agreeing to make available this splendid hall for today’s gathering.
We thought that this year it would be great to bring Europe closer to academicians and professionals and leaders of all walks of life, and to hold our celebrations in this excellent establishment.
Thank you very much to everyone who has worked so hard to make this happen.
Today, 9 May, is Europe Day.
On this day in 1950 Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister, called on the nations of Europe to unite and make war on our continent unthinkable.
His message of peace and unity is as relevant as ever.
The dreams of our founding fathers have become a reality, and Europeans live together in peace and prosperity, bound together by principles of democracy and human rights.
Yet, as anyone who follows international news knows, the European Union faces considerable challenges, and I do not want to gloss over these.
But despite all our difficulties the Europe represents the most successful process of regional integration, and remains the richest continent in the world.
In no other place is there so much freedom – freedom to speak our mind, freedom to move, freedom to pray and not to pray, freedom to love, freedom to vote and freedom to choose our own destiny.
Everywhere in the world Europe is a major trading partner, a major investor and we are proudly launching here BEST OF EUROPE/BEST OF WORLD program.
Climate change is another example of Europe prowess and a dear subject to myself as Ambassador for World Protected Areas .
On 22 April 2016, 175 countries signed the Paris Agreement in New York. Fifteen countries deposited their instruments of ratification on the same day sending a signal to the international community on the paramount importance of the implementation of the Agreement.
Our Ambassador office is committed to continue to work closely with all the nations on climate change, not only alongside it in international negotiations, but also as a key partner – providing support for mitigation and adjusting, and on the implementation of the Paris Agreement – the next big challenge.
Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,
I want to welcome you this evening not only to the Europe Day Reception, but also to our exhibition showcasing our engagement in tourism, trade and development across the world.
WithWORLD BEST TOURIST DESTINATIONand WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM programs we succeeded in the last ten years to bring over 6 billion euro investments in tourism, development and growth sector in Africa and Asia and we created more than 100.000 jobs in tertiary sectors of all the countries that have being supported by EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE and EUROPEAN TOURISM ACADEMY programs.
I would like to thank all our development implementing partners for their contributions to the exhibition and for their efforts.
I hope that everyone will take time to discover the breadth and depth of the EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON TOURISM AND TRADE co-operation with developing world.
I would like to express my gratitude in particular to key partners of ours in this day, as DALI HAUTE PARFUMERIEwho offered you not only wonderful gifts but provided you with a symbol of what Europe stand`s for culture like Salvador Dali works and the joy of living embodied by wonderful perfumes and also a word of gratitude to our European Diplomatic Wine`s partners like HOUSE OF PANCIU who unveiled for you the best European sparkling wines and HOUSE OF WINES COTNARI who had offered you the gift of incredible European wines.
A word of gratitude to the 23 masters of pastry and cakes, who created the incredible cakes that we will taste tonight.
I will no longer stay between you and the incredible cake awaiting us!
President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, Academician Mircea Constantinescu and their retinue had visited the tourism market, cut the ribbon given the offficial start of the activities and presented from the pulpit the main characteristics of the 2017 year in tourism.
The 18 November official tour of the exhibition had taken place under The High Patronage of President of European Council on Tourism and Trade.
On this occasion Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-President of European Council on Tourism and Trade has made the official tour of honour for all the pavilions that promoted outbound and inbound tourism, accompanied by a delegation of members of European Parliaments and the usual retinue of governmental officials.
The Bucharest-International Tourism Fair has garnered the most important tourism companies that outlined special offers for the lovers of cultural tourism, medical tourism and wellness, rural and business related tourism but also presented offers for aficionados of cruises, exotic destinations and adventure tourism.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea had toured the areas dedicated to the promotion of wine tourism and stressed his office support for wine discovery based tourism programs, that are allowing visitors to familiarized themselves with Europe`s natural beauties but also to taste the incredible European wines.
On the pavilions acknowledged by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, ECTT President and Global Ambassador for Tourism we can count the COTNARI stand that promoted not only the perfection of Cotnari Wines but also Cotnari region as the heartland of Moldova`s tourism.
President Dr. Anton Caragea also visited the pavilions of Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Hungary, Bulgaria and delivered a speech on Movenpick stand on the opportunities offered by Middle Eastern tourism.
Professor Dr. Anton Caragea visited the Photographic Exhibition ans encouraged the artists present and was received as distinguished guest by the representatives of the transport companies like Air Berlin, Blue Air and made a special stop over to the National Air Transport Company TAROM, where European Council President took his time and attended a photo session with the employees of the national air company.
The open conference held by H.E. Professor Dr. Anton Caragea on Middle Eastern tourism opportunities was attended by tourism specialists, mass media and governmental officials.
International Tourism Fair 2016 was a pleasant opportunity to meet the representatives of the tourism and air transport companies and to discuss new methods to improve tourism at world level and more than everything provided us with a rostrum of discussions for the future elections on WORLD BEST TOURISM DESTINATION FOR 2017 and WORLD CAPITAL OF CULTURE AND TOURISM IN 2017 stated European Council on Tourism and Trade President Professor Dr. Anton Caragea in the concluding remarks of his visit.
Dr. Anton Caragea, European Council on Tourism and Trade President reads the congratulatory message together with H.E. Ion Iliescu- former President of Romania and H.E. Emil Constantinescu-Romanian President.
On the occasion of European Tourism Academy celebrations, European Council on Tourism and Trade President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea had addressed the official congratulation message to the European academicians.
Many prominent European scholars worked here. Their efforts contributed in large measure to the creation of the theoretical and practical foundations that enabled the development of world culture, tourism and diplomacy and contributed to our ability to resolve cultural problems.
We need to ensure the widespread use of theoretical developments and technologies in tourism, diplomacy and culture. We also need to expand relations between the Academy and academic centers in Europe and abroad.
I am confident that your knowledge and experience, will continue to be useful in the European cultural, tourism and diplomatic stage and will help ensure tourism and environmental safety of Europe and the world.”
On the framework of Paris Climate Change Conference, The European Council on Tourism and Trade (ECTT) welcomes the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and reiterates its commitment to work towards the implementation of the Goals.
The new the Sustainable Development Goals come in continuation of the formerly known of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in the effort to steer the world in the directions of economic development, environmental protection, and human values respect.
European Council on Tourism and Trade has contributed with significant global reach, and can make an important contribution to the achievement of the SDGs, particularly in the areas of job creation, sustainable consumption and production and the preservation of natural resources.
“Issues such as combating European economic crisis and its crippling effects address climate change, and especially poverty reduction and inclusive growth need to be at the center of European development.
Now that the Goals have been approved, it is time to step up our action, time to advance policies and business strategies that minimize the negative effects of European economic crisis” said European President, Professor Dr. Anton Caragea.
The SDGs are carved as a universal 17-goal agenda and action plan for people, the planet and prosperity for all countries and require all stakeholders to act in collaborative partnerships.
The European Council on Tourism and Trade salutes the 70 years anniversary since the United Nations Organization Charter was signed in San Francisco on 26 June 1945, this being a fundamental, seminal document for the political organization of international relations after the tragic experience of the Second World War.
Despite the huge challenges and multiple transformations that the international community has gone through during these past 7 decades, the UN Charter proved to be a flexible and visionary document, dedicated to maintaining peace and preventing a new world war.
Celebrating 70 years since the signing of the UN Charter provides the European Council on Tourism and Trade the opportunity to reiterate Europe’s commitment – to the goals and values of the world organization and its constant respect for the actions of institutions in the UN system, as the main global cooperation framework between topics of international law and the codification of international law rules.
The UN Charter is not solely the result of multilateral deliberations and negotiations at the Peace Conference in San Francisco in 1945. Its adoption was the result of a long development process, held for most of the war, spurred by the Allies’ political vision of the UN, as they envisaged as a fundamental instrument of postwar order that would take into account the successful experiences and failures of the Society of Nations, the new geostrategic configurations and, especially, the all the values of the Western civilization, values which had so deeply been disturbed by the war.
The Joint Statement of the US President and the Prime Minister of Great Britain, signed on 14 August 1941, and known as the “Atlantic Charter”, had already established a set of basic principles that would be reflected in the forthcoming UN Charter, including collective security, the mechanisms of peaceful settlement of disputes and the economic and social cooperation framework. Even then, these principles manifested their force of attraction for countries on all continents, as countries rallied to the Allies’ common cause, and served to isolate the aggressor states and fascist ideology.
On 1 January 1942 the United Nations Declaration, signed in Washington by the 26 belligerent powers, was an official statement of support for the future UN Charter. Subsequently, 21 other states signed the Declaration, forming the configuration of the founding members of the world organization.
Then the Joint Four-Nation Declaration followed, signed in Moscow in October 1943 by the governments of the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union and China, this being the first document whereby signatories recognize “the need to create as soon as possible in practical terms a general international organization, based on the principle of sovereign equality of all peace-loving states, open to all these countries, large or small, to maintain international peace and security.”
During 1944, in Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, following this formal commitment, the representatives of the four major Allied powers prepared a set of Proposals on the creation of General International Organization. These included most of the provisions necessary for the proper functioning of the future organization, except for the voting procedures in the Security Council.
At the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the leaders of the US, Great Britain and the Soviet Union agreed on settling the remaining divergences and assembled the United Nations Conference in San Francisco. The Conference in San Francisco began on 25 April 1945, the negotiations leading to the completion of the draft Charter on 25 June, and to its signing by delegates from 50 states on 26 June 1945. The UN Charter entered into force on 24 October 1945, this being considered official United Nations Day.